What are Active Enzymes ?
An enzyme is a substance produced by a living organism, which acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction. The properties that enzymes have qualify them to be referred to as chemical-reaction machines.
Enzymes used in Skincare Products
The field of Dermatology (the branch of medicine that deals with skin) has a new research area called Enzymology – a branch of Biochemistry that deals with properties, activities and significance of enzymes.
Enzymology seeks to discover how enzymes can improve skin appearance and prevent skin problems. The cosmetic industry is interested in enzymes that enhance the beauty of the skin. The use of coenzymes and cofactors are safe methods that promote efficient functioning in skincare products.
Coenzymes are tiny non-protein organic molecules that carry chemical groups between enzymes by forming easily removed loose bonds. Cofactors are non-protein chemical compounds that tightly and loosely bind with enzymes or other protein molecules to enhance their functioning.
By being stable and low in molecular weight, coenzymes and cofactors easily penetrate through the epidermis, the outer layer of the skin, to help activate the enzymes present. They are moderately easy to formulate into cosmetics, and they are safe to apply on skin.
The beauty industry has been using enzymes for skin resurfacing and smoothing. So far, enzymes have proven to be instrumental for skin treatment; they treat conditions related to skin ageing, acne, congestion and pigmentation.
Benefits of Enzymes on Your Skin
Skin Protection From Free Radicals
- Skin protection is one of the major areas where enzymes in skincare products have demonstrated excellent results.
- Enzymes that capture free radicals are used on skincare products. Their function is to protect the skin from damage caused by environmental pollution, bacteria, smoke, sunlight, and other harmful factors.
- The enzymes work successfully on the surface of the skin. There is no need for enzymes to penetrate deeper into the living cells of the skin, although it might be helpful.
- The epidermis – the upper layer of the skin is consists of dead skin cells. Enzymes in a beauty product work by breaking down that keratin protein to reveal smoother skin.
- A few enzymes that exfoliate the skin, and are gentler than other methods, such as a hash scrub.
Unclog Skin Pores
- Sometimes, there is an accumulation of surface skin cells. Enzymes work to unclog the skin and thereby reducing irritation on the skin caused by the skin cells.
Promote Cell Turnover
- Some enzymes contain Zinc, which helps the skin maintain a healthy sebum balance and helps other ingredients penetrate deeper into the skin, increasing cell turnover.
Boost Skin Radiance
- Some skincare products such as peels contain ingredients such as acids combined with enzymes, and they work to soothe the skin, leaving it radiant.
Hydrate the skin
- Enzymes facilitate hydration of the skin by unclogging skin pores and allowing deep penetration of a skincare product. They're even proven to even Skin Tone and Texture
5 Natural Enzymes to Look For In Your Skincare Product
The best skincare enzymes are derived from natural sources. Look out for the following enzymes for the best skin care products.
I. Superoxide Dismutase
Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) is one of the most ubiquitous protective enzymes. It works by protecting the skin from free-radical oxygen attack in aqueous environments.
SOD is found in almost all living organisms. It combines with catalase, and it protects the protein cells of the skin from ageing due to oxidation.
SOD helps slow the visible signs of ageing and the damaging effect of the environment on the epidermis.
The functioning of SOD is affected by temperature and PH. Some enzymes are codependent on other enzymes, and they depend on a specific body temperature.
Papain is one of the most effective enzymes used within the skincare industry. It is sourced from the tropical Papaya fruit, and it works to break down protein cells, between the redundant skin cells, thus acting as a natural exfoliator.
Papain helps to increase cellular renewal, removing dead skin cells, so the user does not have to use abrasive products for the same purpose.
It also contains antioxidants Vitamins B, C and carotenoids, all of which help achieve healthy, beautiful skin.
Bromelain is a protein-digesting enzyme derived from the stem, fruit and juice of the pineapple plant. It softens the skin’s keratin proteins and has been widely used to heal skin ailments in South and Central America. It works as an alpha hydroxyl acid and removes dead skin cells by chemical exfoliation.
Blueberries work by activating key antioxidant enzymes in your body, including Glutathione and Superoxide Dismutase (SOD). They are also rich in polyphenols and exhibit extremely high antioxidant capacity. Blueberries are typically gentle for all skin types. They soothe and brighten even the most sensitive of skin types.
Pumpkin is loaded with fruit enzymes and alpha hydroxyl acid. It is a powerful ingredient for enhancing cell turnover, brightening dark spots and smoothing uneven skin textures. Besides, it contains vitamins A and C that help soften the skin while boosting collagen production.
Another benefit of pumpkin is that is has a small molecular structure that can penetrate quite deep into the skin. The enzymes fight inflammation, reduce pore size and control excess sebum, thereby limiting pimples, blackheads and blemishes on the skin.
VI. Gotu Kola
is a proven collagen stimulant proven to work 120 times more effectively than synthetic collagen replacement therapies.
Ficin is an enzyme derived from figs. It is beneficial for skin conditioning and moisturizing.
helps to clear clogged pores & minimize skin eruptions.
Where to Find Enzymes in Skincare Products
Skincare products packed with enzymes include body lotions, facial peels, facial masks, skin toners and cleansers.
We've formulated a state of the art brand new All-Natural Enzyme mask that harnesses all these benefits and is proving spectacular results within our community and the industry as a whole. It's an absolute must try. Check it ou here at ' Fruit Enzyme Mask by Theraprina '
Enzymes are widely used in skincare formulations for their great benefits such as refined texture, even skin tone and radiant complexion. Find out more on our full product information page by clicking here