Major Types of Skin Care & Relating Issues
Skin problems are common in modern society due to diets, climate conditions, and lifestyle factors. Moreover, increased technology has raised the number of skincare products that contain dangerous ingredients, which expose individuals to the development of skin issues. The following essay will analyze the major skincare issues and what components and products can solve or slow down some of these problems.
The first significant skincare issue is aging. As individuals get older, skin develops several changes (8). How the skin changes as people get older depends on numerous factors such as personal lifestyle habits, for instance, smoking and diets. Increased exposure to the Sun's ultraviolet light also causes the skin to stretch and sag, which are the most common aging signs (5). One way to reduce aging is by using lotions containing ceramides, which are lipids that create a barrier and help the skin retain moisture minimizing the effects of dryness and early aging. Another solution to prevent premature aging is vitamin E, which helps repair damaged skin cells (4). One can also use collagen peptides such as retinoids to stimulate the skin to release collagen to help the skin look healthy by reducing wrinkles and dryness. Individuals can use skin tightening technology to help their skin become firmer and prevent wrinkles.
Another primary skin condition is acne, caused by clogging and hair follicles' blockage by oil and dead skin cells (3). It is a common issue among most adolescents due to the increased hormonal changes during maturation. One can solve acne problems by changing one's diet and increasing high water concentration foods to unclog the skin pores (4). One can also use skin care products that contain skin cleansers such as benzoyl peroxide, glycolic, salicylic acid, and retinoids, which help unclog the pores and help correct the abnormal shedding of skin cells by boosting the collagen levels. Moreover, people with acne conditions can combine different therapy types, such as the drainage and extraction therapy, where the therapists help remove the whiteheads and blackheads to improve the skin's appearance.
Dryness and Sensitive Skin
Dryness and sensitive skin are also common among individuals of all ages (5). It is made worse by aging, genes, exposure to environmental irritants such as increased hot or cold conditions, and specific skin cleansers and soap use. Dry skin is also caused by certain medical conditions, such as diabetes or kidney diseases (8). One of the dry skin remedies is taking fewer showers and mild soaps and cleansers to retain the skin's moisture. Another treatment is the use of ceramides, which contain lipids that help rejuvenate the skin (6). They help the skin create a barrier that protects it from losing moisture and becoming sensitive to environmental stressors. Ceramides increase hydration making the skin become smoother and less sensitive.
Another common issue is skin discoloration caused by sunburns, burns, and medical conditions such as vitiligo (1). One solution to skin discoloration is sunscreen, which absorbs the UV rays protecting the skin. They contain Tinosorbs, Mexoryl, Oxybenzone, and Octinoxate ingredients, which help absorb the sun rays preventing skin discoloration (7). One can also use lotions containing hydroquinone, which helps treat different skin hyperpigmentation forms by lightening the skin (2). However, it is not ideal for people with dry or sensitive skin as it can cause more dryness and skin irritation.
In conclusion, for an individual to solve various skin problems, they have to choose ideal skincare products containing the required ingredients and work on their skin types. Additionally, people should embrace better environmental solutions to reduce irritants in the atmosphere, and adopt better lifestyles and healthier skin habits.
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NIA. (2017). Skincare and aging. National Institute on Aging. https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/skin-care-and-aging
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